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When it comes to the spinal disc problems, the most common problem is- Lumbar Disc Problem. Lumbar is the word stands for the lower back. The last part of the spine. Vertebral column is classified in 5 parts- Cervical, Dorsal, Lumbar, Sacrum and Coccyx.
Lumbar region is- the 3rd part of the spine. Just above the iliosacral joint. Lumbar vertebrae are 5 in number. But in few cases where one of the lumbar vertebrae is transient. In these cases – there will be 4 or 6 lumbar vertebrae. These things are known as- Sacralization of Lumbar or Lumbarization of Sacral vertebrae. Here we are going to discuss all of these problems of Lumbar disc in detail.
Normally there are five lumbar vertebrae. These are known as L1, L2, L3, L4, L5. This order is according to the position of these bones. The first one is known as L1 and last one is L5. Like other vertebrae of the spine, a soft disc separates adjoining vertebrae. Noun of disc is according to its position. Disc between L1 and L2 bones is – L1-2 Disc. L2-L3 disc locates between the L2 and L3 vertebrae. L3-L4 is between L3 and L4 lumbar vertebrae. So is the L4-L5 (between L4 and L5) and L5-S1 (between L5 and S1 bones.
Lumbar disc problem is the problem with any of these discs. These discs are soft connective tissues with a lot of elasticity. Moment, there is some problem with the elasticity of the disc, that is the primary problem of the disc. Mostly the problems associated with the disc are- neural. Because these discs preserve the spaces from where nerves come out of the spaces. These compressions are of two types in general.
This translates in the following way-
The main thing where we diagnose the lumbar disc problem is radiating pain in lower limb. When pain travels in lower limb everybody thinks it is sciatica. But this is not 100% true in case of medical science. This is not sciatica alone.There are two main nerves which come from lumbar region. These are Femoral Nerve and Sciatica Nerve.
Femoral Nerve: Femoral nerve has its roots from L2 to L4. This is the nerve of the thigh and travels upto the knee joint.
Sciatic Nerve: The nerve famous more as a disease- sciatica has nothing to do with femoral. This nerve emerges from L4 to S1 levels.
The main thing in these two nerves is- Femoral nerve is more about anterior side and Sciatic nerve is about the backside of the leg. Pain in either of these nerves occur when the nerve is stretched. For example when we bend the hip with straight leg as we do in SLR test- this stretches the Sciatic never and relaxes the Femoral. So when pain increases by SLR test this is about Sciatic nerve root from the lumbar disc which is affected. Opposite to this if pain is relived when doing SLR this indicates- Femoral Nerve.
But when lumbar disc problem is at the level of L4 nerve root- it can give symptoms of both the nerves- sciatic as well as femoral nerve. Because this L4 lumbar nerve root is common with both the nerves.
Symptoms of the lumbar disc problem can vary. According to the location of the problem and severity too. The pain or better word is discomfort can be- like numbness, complete weakness, burning or just some sensation in the skin. Most of us think that there should be pain, when it comes to neural problems due to any lumbar disc problem. It is not true. Basically, lumbar disc problem is something which causes pain. But not always. Some “weird” sensations in the muscles or skin of the lower limb are also due to the lumbar disc problems.
Different nerve roots, show different signs and symptoms in the leg. Right from L1-L2 to L5-S1 discs they behave differently-
You need not to go for any spinal surgeries in case of Lumbar disc problem. Because at Sukhayu Ayurved, we work more on the root cause of the problem so that whatever problem you have in lumbar region should resolve permanently. We need your MRI reports which can give us an idea about your problem. We will study your case in a proper way and will let you to know what can we do for your lumbar disc problem.